Sustainable Transport of Goods Using Combined Transport Solutions: The Case of EU

Marek Minárik


This paper analyzes the importance of bimodal solutions in the rail-road
transport of goods with an emphasis on the aspect of ecology within the
geographical region of EU-28. Using the panel regression analysis in the period
from 2010 to 2019, we are trying to confirm the dependence between the road
and rail transport of goods by applying several freight units’ measures: the freight
transport performance in tonne-kilometres, the freight transport performance in
tonne-kilometres per thousand of USD, and the amount of goods transported
in thousands of tonnes. The application of data to all selected freight units’
measures in the regression models confirms a relationship between road and rail
transport. A direct relationship between these two modes of transport confirms
the complementarity effect, which means that, in most cases, the goods transport
solutions require the combination of road and rail mode, where the railway should
be considered as the main transport/carrier, the road transport, however, should
have the role of short pre-transport or post-transport. The ecological aspect of
such bimodal solutions can also be emphasized since the railway transport is
considered as an ecological mode.


bimodality, combined transport of goods, ecology, European Union

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