NAŠE GOSPODARSTVO / 
OUR ECONOMY

STEM on Demand – Can Current State of Higher Education Infrastructure Meet Expectations?

Hatidza Jahic, Amila Pilav-Velic

Abstract


One of the biggest challenges facing the education system in Bosnia and
Herzegovina is bridging the gap between the current state of higher education
and the demand for research, innovation and a robust STEM (Science, Technology,
Engineering, Mathematics) curriculum. Higher education instiutions (HEIs) face
poor R&D infrastructure while companies struggle with limited resources and
the lack of internal researchers, all of which affect their capabilities to utilize
university knowledge and research that will lead to further collaborations and
innovations in STEM. Universities are primarily seen as a source of future employees
as well as as a source of knowledge and innovation. This study aims to provide an
overview and systematic analysis of the current state of scientific and research
infrastructure and human resources in public and private universities located in
the Sarajevo Canton region. This is done by using primary data collected through
semi-structured interviews and a self-reporting comprehensive questionnaire
in order to identify areas where further reforms and investments are needed.
An analysis of the secondary data sources, such as current strategic documents
and the existing assessments of education, was conducted. Consequently, this
study offers several practical implications, including policy recommendations in
areas such as higher education, research infrastructure and academic excellence,
cooperation with the private sector, and IT infrastructure improvements.


Keywords


STEM, education, infrastructure, development

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